Cappadocia, also known as "the land of the beautiful horses", is one of the famous destinations in the world. This miraculous wonder is covered by the provinces of Aksaray, Nevsehir, Nigde, Kayseri, and Kirsehir in the central Anatolian region. During the early period, this area was a famous volcanic zone. Those volcanic activities resulted in chimney-like structures called "Fairy Chimneys" also known in Turkish "Peri Bacha".
It was occupied by Hittites from 1800 BC to 1200 BC followed by Persian and Romans, who laid the foundation of Caesarea also known as Kayseri serving as the capital. During Roman and Byzantine periods, it became a safe haven for early Christians. Many Christians took refuge in this region from the 4th to the 11th centuries that developed churches, monasteries and many more structures. Under the Seljuk and Ottoman rule, these people were treated with tolerance.
Cappadocia lost its significance in Anatolia but regained its image on the world map after French priest discovered churches in 1907. After the independence and formation of the Turkish Republic, the area became the famous tourist hub. In 1982, UNESCO officially designated this area as "World Heritage Site".
Hot Air Balloon Ride in Cappadocia is one of the most posted Instagrammed events on the social media. Social media is full of beautiful pictures of people posing in front of balloon celebrating happiness and joys with their closed ones. This tour has firmly taken top place in the traveler's bucket list.
Cappadocia is one of the hottest destinations of Turkey and thousands of people fly to this destination from all across the world either as tourists or as pilgrims. Back in time, these fairy chimnies were used as a hiding place by early Christians. People sculptured these structures into houses and churches providing refuge to around 20,000 people.
Cappadocia, 730 km away from Istanbul, is one of the historical and most beautiful destinations of the world attracting thousands of tourists from across the world. It has been home to many empires like Byzantine, Roman, and Ottoman and later became major touristic hub after it became part of the modern Turkish Republic.
Goreme Open Air Museum is clustered with the rock-cut churches decorated with beautiful frescoes. These frescos (wall paintings) have an original freshness and are still in best conditions. These churches are marvelous to work of architecture and painting techniques. In 1984, UNESCO designated Open Air Goreme Museum as World Heritage Site acknowledging the history, the art and the architecture of it.