Guide About Cappadocia
Cappadocia is located on the high plateau of Central Anatolia majorly in the province of Nevşehir. This region has many natural wonders enchanting the world and this status has also led many of these natural ruins to be recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The geographical activity led to the evolution of mushroom-like shapes also known as fairy chimneys. These chimneys were the result of a geological activity which took place millions of years ago. Thousands of tourists and pilgrim visit this region every year.
The region was occupied by Hittites from 1800 BC to 1200 BC followed by Persian and Romans who laid the foundation of Caesarea also known as Kayseri serving as the capital. During Roman and Byzantine periods, it became a safe haven for early Christians. Many Christians took refuge in this region from the 4th to the 11th century during which the developed churches, monasteries and many more structures. Under Seljuk and Ottoman rule, these people were treated with tolerance. Cappadocia lost its significance in Anatolia but regained its image on the world map after French priest discovered churches in 1907. After the independence and formation of the Turkish Republic, the area became the famous tourist hub and through its constant effort, it was designated as "UNESCO's World Heritage Site" in 1982.
On the outlook, the volcanic landscape paints the area as inhospitable but Cappadocia is a rich agricultural region. It is a mineral-rich oil which makes it fertile for growing vegetables and fruits. It has always been considered as the prime destination for grape growing and still has many efficient vineyards and wineries.
Cappadocia offers a diverse range of natural wonders which exceed the imaginations. You can enjoy the history and peace of this magnificent city by visiting museums, underground cities, churches, and many more archaeological structures. From hiking in the Rose Valley to sailing at dawn over the lunar landscape, Cappadocia range of activities to its visitors in all seasons. You can also satisfy your taste buds by enjoying delicious Cappadocian Dishes.
This tourist area is accessible from the major cities like from Ankara, Antalya, and Istanbul. It takes around 4 hours from Ankara, 5 hours from Antalya and 8 hours from Istanbul. It is not only connected through a well-laid transportation system but also through airline routes.