Rome, the capital city of Italy, also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. It is one of the most populous metropolitan city of Europe. Rome is located in the central western region of the Italian Peninsula and on the coast of Tiber. The Vatican City, an independent Catholic country, is located inside the boundaries of Rome. For this particular reason, Rome is a unique city considered as the capital of two states.
Roman history goes back to 3000 years that has given the city with exhilarating sights. Few famous and anxious icons are like the Colosseum, Roman Forum, and Pantheon (capital of the world). It is also home of famous St. Peter's Basilica tower and other ancient Catholic churches hovering over the Vatican city. The city itself is a captivating audience with piazzas and fountains ornating the city streets.
Roman history spans 28 centuries starting off with the foundation of Rome in 753 BC. But according to the archaeologist, the site is inhabited for much longer. The early population of the city is a mixture of Latins, Etruscans, Sabines. It served as the capital of the Roman kingdom and is considered as one of the first ever metropolis. It famously came to be known as the capital of the world "Caput Mundi". It was under Papal State and served as its capital and later became the hub Italian Renaissance where popes aimed at making it the city of or arts and culture. Famous artists, painters and sculptors made Rome the centre of their activities. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kindom of Italy.