Antep previously known as Antep in Ottoman Empire is a part of southeastern Anatolia region. The city is around 185 east of Adana. It is the sixth most populous city in Turkey is one of the oldest civilization and cities inhabited in the world. There are several theories attached to the name Antep. According to a legend it is derived from Khantap meaning "king's land" in the Hittite language and in Arabic and Aramaic language it means "spring". In February 1921, the Republic of Turkey honoured the city as Ghazi Antep literally meaning "Antep the war hero" in view of its participation in the Turkish War of Independence.
Gaziantep was part of Yamhad until conquered by the Hittites. The signs of the settlement go back to the 4th millennium BC. It is also considered to be the probable site of the Hellenistic city of Antiochia in the Taurus Mountains. It has famous Gaziantep Fortress and the Ravanda citadel restored in the 6th century.
Muslim conquered the city in 661 AD by Umayyads and the Abbasids in 750. It became a battleground of Arab-Byzantine wars and there were frequent clashes between the two. It was famously ruled by Seljuk Turk and remains it part until Ottoman conquest. Gaziantep was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1516 and became the centre of commerce along the trade routes. It had around 3900 shops and covered bazaars and was mainly Muslim concentrated population. But it had a sizeable proportion of Armenians and Christians.