Barcelona is located on the North-Eastern Mediterranean coast of Spain and is around 2 hours away from the French Pyrenees. It is one of the largest metropolitan cities on the Mediterranean Sea lying between the river Llobregat and Besos. The city of Barcelona is surrounded by the Serra de Collserola mountain range. According to the sources and myths, the word Barcelona was named by the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca back in the 3rd century BC.
Although the origin of the earliest settlement cannot be pointed out, the remains from the Neolithic and early Chalcolithic periods. It was founded by the Romans at the end of the 1st century BC and later merged with the Kingdom of Aragon. It was an economic and administrative center of this Crown and the capital of Principality of Catalonia. Over 200 years, Muslims were ruled by Spain and Barcelona followed by the conquest of Christians. During this time, it became a part of the Carolingian Empire and was flourished politically and economically. In the 20th century, the city underwent modernization that is also reflected in the architecture and artistic mediums. It finally gained independence in 1936 following the Civil War.