Adana is a southern city in Turkey located on the shores of Seyhan river. The city is around 35 km away from the Mediterranean sea. It is also the administrative capital of Adana province and is the 5th most populated city in Turkey with a population of 3 million. It is spread on 70 km encircling the cities of Mersin, Tarsus, and Adana.
The history of the region dates back to 6000 BC and was part of the region called Cilicia. It used to be one of the first kingdoms that were ruled by Kizzuwatna in 1335 BC. It has been ruled by many famous empires like Phoenicians, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantine, Abbasies, Seljuk and Ottomans. It was famously conquered by Alexender the Great in 335-334 BCE and later under Abbasid Arabs in the 7th century. Adana gained its importance in the Byzantine Empire with the construction of bridges, government buildings, irrigation and plantation system. Later in the Ottoman era, it was granted as the provincial capital in 1867.
Civilization left the ruins behind that can be traced and thus making Adana as one of the mysterious places in the civilization. The famous ancient city of Misis is located on the Ceyhan River. Similarly, another famous ancient civilization called is Yakapinar dates back to Hittite Period and served as the military ground. One of the most historic monuments in the area is a stone bridge 220 yards long on the spanning the Seyhan river. The bridge was constructed in the era of Byzantine emperor Justinian I and was renovated/restored many times in 8th-9th centuries. Each corner of the Adana and the region is full of ancient ruins that surely is worth a touristic visit. It is also has a privilege of having one of the ruins Anazarbus been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.