Paris is one of the most visited destinations in the world with around 45 million visitors annually. The city is always bustling with tourists irrespective of weather. The city is also known as the city of love and lights are famous for many landmarks from Eiffel Tower and Notre Dame. The city has an estimated population of 2.2 million inhabitants. It is romanticized in literature and films. More specifically around Eiffel Tower as a significant feature and has been a symbol of French and European lifestyles. Even after witnessing four revolutions, 18 kings and many blood spattering wars, Paris retains its title of the most romantic city in the world. The history of Paris goes back to 2000 years when it was inhabited by Celtic tribes in the Paris Basin.
The city got its name from one of the Celtic tribes called Parisii. The main religion of the tribes was druidism and many of the festivals are followed religiously like la fete du gui for welcoming the new year. It was under their rule until the city was conquered by Julius Caesar (c. 100-44 B.C.). It served as the capital till reconquered by Germanic tribe called the Franks - hence the present-day name of the country France. In 400, the country officially opted Christianity as the religion and was enforced by brutal force. During this reign, it was repeatedly invaded by Vikings until they became part of the greater Parisian community. In the 12th century, it was ruled by King Philippe who turned the city into a medieval city with a protective wall around it. He built many castles and fortress on the famous site of the modern-day Lourve. Paris saw economic and cultural up life during this period.
Many famous landmarks like Notre Dame and other Gothic buildings were constructed. The famous University of Paris also came into being in the same period. The population of the city also boomed and it pushed the boundaries of the city to accommodate the growing community. Paris has also witnessed four-revolution which shaped what the current city is. The French Revolution was one of the turning points for the modernization of Paris in the 17th century. During the reign of Emperor Napolean the city modernized and it became a lot cleaner with addition to many parks and greenery added to the city. During World War II, the city came close to getting destroyed by German bombs, but miraculously it survived. During that time, all treasures in the Louvre art museum were hidden and were protected.