Berlin is one of the most famous metropolitan city and capital of the Germany. It is located in the northeastern side of Germany and is also one of the major hub of politics, media, science and culture.
It was established in 1307 and situated on the bank of the Spree and Colln. In 1451, prince Frederick II began the construction of royal palace and was considered as the dark era for the region. It finally witnessed economic and cultural prosperity during Friedrich Wilhelm era. He built many famous extravagant buildings. During Friedrich II era, it received the status of royal residence and served as capital city of Prussia. Many famous building where designed by Schinkel and some of the most famous beautiful park areas.
In 1871, German Empire came into existence and Berlin became its capital under Wilhem I of Prussia. The population also grew significantly. After First World War, the emperor was forced to go into exile. Germany suffered from serious issue and that resulted in the creation of the first German Republic. It prospered and became famously known as cultural metropolis. But this was also same period when Adolf Hilter became German Chancellor and started a program against Jews and other opponents. This led to the World War II which resulted in the destruction of a third of the city. Berlin was captured after defeat of Germany and Allies divided the city into two parts separated by one great wall, Berlin Wall. This wall made the travel between both parts extremely difficult till it was razed down in 1989. The Germany was reunified and this changed the history of Germany.
Berlin has many parks scattered across the city attracting many tourists to the most visited cities of Europe. Berlin is located on the bank of River Spree and is surrounded by many lakes affecting the overall climate. Around one third of the city has forests, parks, gardens and lakes. Berlin has also served as the centre the cultural and scientific hub for the world. Its economy is mostly based high-tech and service sector with diverse range of research facilities and many universities. The city also have complex transportation network making it more accessible to tourist. There are many industries linked with pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering and electronics.
There are more than 180 museums and have around 106 rainy days. Although the weather obstructs normal commute but the city has many renowned universities, orchestras, museums, sporting arenas and entertainment zones. It also hosts many festivals, contemporary art shows and other events. The city has to offer diverse and quality nightlife for its dwellers making it a worth the visit.